Glosario eSalud | eHealth Glossary


Glosario sobre eSalud | eHealth Glossary

Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page: (Previous)   1  ...  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  (Next)
  ALL

U

Picture of System Administrator

Uno de cada tres médicos en EE.UU recomienda aplicaciones

by System Administrator - Monday, 11 May 2015, 11:51 PM
 

Uno de cada tres médicos en EE.UU recomienda aplicaciones

Uno de cada tres médicos en Estados Unidos ya está recomendando aplicaciones para sus pacientes, según un artículo publicado en Medical Economics. Con más de 40.000 aplicaciones de salud , muchas de ellas carecen de rigor científico. Por eso muchos médicos consideran que antes que exponer a los pacientes a los riesgos de aplicaciones sin validar, deben recomendar las que consideran útiles y contrastadas.

Mobile Health App Use on the Rise

(HealthDay News) — The number of mobile health apps is continuing to increase and doctors are embracing this trend, with more than one-third of physicians recommending their use in the past year, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Noting that there are more than 40,000 health-related apps available, the lack of evidence to support apps means most doctors are unsure which ones to prescribe. However, the lack of evidence of clinical effectiveness doesn't prevent doctors from recommending apps to help patients exercise, diet or quit smoking. Clinical effectiveness evidence is important for physicians who are considering prescribing apps to patients with chronic diseases.

According to the article, in the coming years, most apps and devices that help doctors diagnose and treat patients will undergo clinical trials to get approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Meanwhile, many doctors are happy to try apps that could help their patients with chronic diseases. Doctors should use apps judiciously so they are not overwhelmed with data; they will need to find ways to screen the information gathered and accommodate it in their workflow.

"Forty percent of physicians now believe that digital communications technologies of various kinds — including mobile apps, remote patient monitoring, secure messaging via patient portals, and telehealth consults — can help improve patient outcomes," according to the article.

Read more about mobile health apps.

Link: http://www.endocrinologyadvisor.com

Picture of System Administrator

Use Google Glass in Surgeries

by System Administrator - Thursday, 7 August 2014, 6:33 PM
 

UCSF First in Nation For Approval To Use Google Glass in Surgeries

by  

The University of California, San Francisco, is the first healthcare provider in the nation to receive Institutional Review Board approval for use of Google Glass in surgeriesSacramento Bee reports.

With so much buzz around the potential of Google Glass in healthcare, the approval by UCSF is a great indicator of the emerging role Google Glass could play in the healthcare setting.

According to a report in HealthLeaders Media, Dr. Pierre Theodore, a cardiothoracic surgeon at UCSF has already performed 10 or 15 planned surgeries using Google Glass. Theodore noted that surgeons already use eyewear that magnifies the surgery site making Google Glass integration much easier (Mace, HealthLeaders Media, 11/26). UCSF performed a series of dry lab experimentations” to demonstrate:

  • Minimal distraction between hand-eye coordination and use of the device
  • The availability of images to and from the surgeons’ field of vision

Google is already working with major vision benefits and frames creator VSP Global to get Google Glass inside  optometrist offices.

The possibilities of Google Glass does not come without some concerns. Ensuring patient information is stored seerately store from the image along with Wi-Fi demands that could possibly interfere with Glass are two key concerns.
 
Google Glass, which could bring even more sophistication and even greater timeliness to care communications, according to Dr. Rafael Grossmann who became the first surgeon to use Google Glass in the operating room this past June. Expect to see Google Glass in the ER and exam rooms in the near future.
 

Related: Is Google Glass the Future of Teletrauma

Featured image credit: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

UCSF First in Nation For Approval To Use Google Glass in Surgeries by Jasmine Pennic

Link: http://hitconsultant.net/2013/11/27/ucsf-first-in-nation-for-approval-to-use-google-glass-in-surgeries/

 

 

Picture of System Administrator

USING STANDARD TEXTING APPS

by System Administrator - Friday, 1 August 2014, 11:53 PM
 

LEARN WHERE YOUR HOSPITAL MAY BE GOING WRONG WHEN IT COMES TO USING STANDARD TEXTING APPS

The majority of hospital communications are related to patient care, and messages are often critical in nature. Missing a text buried in a private inbox or not being able to send one quickly to the right on-call provider in the directory can compromise patient safety.

A Preview of the Six Mistakes:

  • Can't link to your organization's directory and on-call schedules
  • Can't receive patient monitoring alerts
  • Can't automatically escalate an unanswered text

Continue reading

Picture of System Administrator

Utilization of open source electronic health record around the world: A systematic review

by System Administrator - Friday, 29 August 2014, 4:12 PM
 

Utilization of open source electronic health record around the world: A systematic review

Por Farzaneh AminpourFarahnaz Sadoughi and Maryam Ahamdi

Abstract

Many projects on developing Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems have been carried out in many countries. The current study was conducted to review the published data on the utilization of open source EHR systems in different countries all over the world. Using free text and keyword search techniques, six bibliographic databases were searched for related articles. The identified papers were screened and reviewed during a string of stages for the irrelevancy and validity. The findings showed that open source EHRs have been wildly used by source limited regions in all continents, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and South America. It would create opportunities to improve national healthcare level especially in developing countries with minimal financial resources. Open source technology is a solution to overcome the problems of high-costs and inflexibility associated with the proprietary health information systems.

Keywords: Electronic health record, electronic medical record, healthcare, health information system, open source software
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Today with the vast development of technology in the world responding to the variable and complex needs for interchanging clinical information among health-care providers to improve the quality of health-care services seems more practical than any time before. Efficacy of healthcare services and medical interventions are highly dependent on a trust worthy and integrated history of individual medical and health status. Electronic health record (EHR) is one such response that covers the need of all engaged parties including patients, doctors, clinical staff, insurance companies, health care providers and policy makers. It provides a platform on which individual health information is stored and accessed only by authorized people. EHR is defined as digitally stored health-care information about an individual's life with the purpose of supporting continuity of care, education and research. Lack of the required health information causes a lot of delay and expenses in health-care delivery.[1] EHR is a new way of storing and processing health information. A wide range of terms and phrases have been used to describe health and medical records. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) defines EHR as “an electronic record of health-related information on an individual that is created, gathered, managed and consulted by authorized health-care clinicians and staff.”[2] The terms “Electronic Medical Record,” (EMR) Computer-based Patient Record (CPR), Electronic Patient Record (EPR), Personal Health Record (PHR), Computerized Medical Record (CMR) may also be treated synonymously with EHR.
 

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE (OSS)

In terms of software development and licensing, OSS and proprietary software are two main categories of software.[3] “The promise of opensource is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.”[4] OSS encourages having access to the source code — the code computer programmers write-with the freedom of usage, modification and redistribution. On the contrary, he source code in proprietary software is confidential. The end user of such products can access and execute only the machine code.[3] The source code of proprietary software is closed and belongs only to the developer. The intention of developing this kind of software is to make a profit from licensing, rental or sale of the software and maintain full control of the product.[5]

Although OSS and “free software” describe almost the same category of software, they stand for views based on different values. Free software respects freedom to run the software to study and change it and also to redistribute copies with or without changes. The free software movement begins in 1983. In 1984, the free operating system GNU was developed.[6] GNU General Public License (GPL) is a free, copy left license for software, which is intended to guarantee the freedom to share and change all versions of software to make sure it remains free for all its users.[7] As some of the users and developers of free software were not agreed with the goals of the free software movement, a part of the free software community separated in 1998 and began to campaign in the name of “open source” afterward. Open source is based only on practical values, such as making or having powerful and reliable software.[6] Open Source Software (OSS), Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and Free, Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS)- although are not exactly the same- are alternative terms for free software.

In the health sector, open source products have been designed to improve health-care while reducing the cost of similar proprietary products. According to Reynolds and Wyatt, it creates “a key opportunity for the promotion of effective systems by enhancing clinical engagement in software development, fostering innovation, improving system usability and reducing costs and should therefore be central to a rational HIS [Healthcare Information System] procurement strategy.”[3] A handful of projects on developing EHR systems have been carried out in many countries.

EHR in USA

In the United States of America, approximately 23.9% of physicians used EHR in the ambulatory setting and only 5%of hospitals used Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) through 2005.[8] A study on the levels of EHR adoption in USA revealed that only few US hospitals had a comprehensive electronic clinical information system and many others only had parts of an electronic records system. It seems that financial support, interoperability and training of information technology support staff by policy makers is necessary for increasing the application of EHR in US hospitals.[9] Since the late 1970s, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as a governmental sector advanced their efforts to develop an extensive organizational health information system named veterans’ health information systems and technology architecture (VistA). VistA uses Massachusetts general hospital utility multi-programming system (MUMPS) a program that can be used for disease case registries.[10] Only a few major organizations in the private sector worked on the implementation of EHRs in USA.[11]

EHR in Canada

Canada is another country, which seeks technological solutions to expand high quality health-care services across the country. These solutions also create new challenges, especially in acceptable standards, choice of technologies, overcoming traditional jurisdictional boundaries, privacy and confidentiality.[12] Many projects were planned to develop an efficient EHR in Canada. Health Infoway is among such efforts. Canada Health Infoway is a non-profit corporation founded by the federal government of Canadian 2000. The initial aim of this organization was to accelerate the development of EHR on a pan-Canadian basis by 2007. It tries to connect organizations, which are working on EHR projects and encourage them to produce and share “knowledge objects,” which can be reused by other organizations. Canada Health Infoway is a major investment for Canadians with 1.1 billion dollar budget.[13] This would support more efficient health-care delivery, patient confidentiality, immediate access to complete and accurate patient information while enabling better decisions about diagnosis and treatment. The final result would be a sustainable health-care system with higher quality, accessibility, productivity and cost savings.[6]

EHR in England

In England, National Program for Information Technology, which is directed by the National Health Service (NHS) is responsible for delivering England's EHR.[14] NHS established an EHR system in 2005. The aim was to provide all 50 million NHS patients with an individual electronic NHS Care Record Service (NHSCRS) by 2010. The NHSCRS would securely share the detailed records of each person between different parts of the local NHS sites. The system uses a unique identifier for each patient. Patients would be able to have a summary of their important health information, known as their Summary Care Record (SCR), available to authorized NHS staff anywhere in the NHS in England. They also would access their SCR using a secure website named as “HealthSpace.” The budget of this project was estimated 12.6 billion Pounds in 2006. This was almost 2 times more than what was estimated since the project was first launched. It was assumed that the project may finally cost more than 20 billion pounds.[15]

EHR in Australia

Many regional and national EHR projects and systems have been developed in the Asia-Pacific region.[16] In Australia as the pioneer of EHRs, Health Information Technology (HIT) is considered the basis for improving the quality of healthcare, safety and efficiency by the government. General practices were encouraged to install clinical software packages for prescribing and transmission of clinical data in the late 1990s.[17] HealthConnect is a joint Australian, State and Territory Governments’ initiative for revolving paper-based health records to EHRs for the benefit of consumers and also health-care providers. Through which, health information would be more quickly available and transferred among healthcare professionals under more secure condition. The main aims of this program was the accessibility of life-saving information in emergencies and also the improvement of safety and quality of health information through a shared electronic health record (SEHR).[18] The National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA) is responsible for developing a design for SEHR. NEHTA was funded jointly by the Australian, state and territory governments in 2005 to develop national standards and infrastructure for EHR across Australia.[19]

Many studies focused on the benefits of using the OSS in the health sector.[20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30] In a number of researches, the characteristics of OSS systems have been compared with each other.[31,32] During the recent years, utilization of OSS in national health systems has been welcomed by many countries to respond to the necessity of EHR systems for improving the health-care services and the problems of implementing proprietary EHR systems.

The present study was conducted to review the published data on the utilization of open source EHR systems in different countries all over the world and the primary reasons for utilization of those systems highlighted by published studies.

METHODS

A systematic review of studies on the utilization of open source EHR was developed through the following stages:

Eligibility criteria

All indexed original and review articles, short communications, case reports and scientific letters by selected bibliographic databases on the utilization of open source EHR in any country were eligible in this study.

Data sources

Six bibliographic databases including Ovid Medline, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Library Information Science and Technology Abstracts (LISTA) were searched for relevant articles.

Search strategy

We searched all six databases using free-text and subject-keyword search techniques for relevant studies according to the search tools of each database. The selected keywords were “electronic health record,” “electronic medical record,” “computerized medical record”,” “computer based medical record,” “computerized patient record” “computer based patient record,” “electronic patient record,” “personal health record” and “open source.” We limited the search results to original and review articles, short communications, case reports and scientific letters published from 1990 up to 2012.

Screening and selection

Primary selection of studies was based on the inclusion criteria, which were original and review articles, short communications, case reports and scientific letters on the utilization of open source EHR in any country. The duplicated publications were excluded. At the first screening stage, two reviewers (FA andFS) independently screened title and abstract of retrieved documents to determine those which met the eligibility criteria. Full citations of those documents considered eligible at least by one reviewer were imported into an EndNote database. In the next stage, the full text of the imported papers were provided and reviewed for subject relevancy individually by each of the two reviewers. A critical appraisal check list was used to evaluate the validity of the selected studies and to criticize them.[33] Finally, the two reviewers made a face-to-face meeting, discussing on papers selections. Discrepancies were resolved through discussion. In the cases, which consensus did not happen, a third reviewer (MA) made the final decision on the eligibility of a particular paper. Consequently, those papers, which have been considered as valid by both reviewers, selected for data extraction.

Data extraction

A list of eligible studies was produced. Also, a specific questionnaire for data extraction was designed for recording data from the selected studies. The extracted data were the author`s name, year of publication, the source title, the open source EHR system/systems, country/countries of utilization and the primary reasons for open source EHR utilization in selected studies.

RESULTS

A total of 183 papers were identified by searching six bibliographic databases. The 99 duplicated publications were excluded. After screening, the title and abstract of the retrieved documents, 51 irrelevant papers were excluded and 33 studies were considered for full text evaluation. Then the full texts of selected papers were obtained and evaluated from which 17 papers were selected for inclusion in the review.[32,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49] The flow chart of the process of study selection is shown in Figure 1.

 

Flow chart of study selection
 
The excluded studies were not original article, review, case report or scientific letter or did not related to the utilization of a specific open source EHR in a specific country. The included studies are introduced in Table 1.
 
 
 
Included studies
 
The Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Medical Record System (AMRS), Androbase, HospitalOS, iSante, iTrust, OpenEHR, OpenMRS, OpenVistA, Oopen Source Cluster Application Resources (OSCAR), One Stop Crisis Centre (OSCC) portal, Personal Internetworked Notary and Guardian (PING), PropeRWeb and WorldVistA. Table 2 shows the characteristics of the 13 identified open source EHRs. It represents the country/countries of utilization and the primary reason/reasons for utilization of systems identified by reviewing the selected documents.
 
 
 
Characteristics of identified open source electronic health record systems

AMRS

AMRS is an implementation of Open MRS. AMRS is an open source medical record system developed by the AMPATH informatics team at the AMPATH center in Eldoret, to manage clinical care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. AMRS is composed of paper-based records as well as EMRs because most clinicians in resource limited settings cannot use computers directly during patient visits. The system collects discrete data from clinical encounters at AMPATH including demographic data, symptoms, vital signs, physical exam findings, test results, diagnoses and treatments. All data are stored as coded concepts to allow easy retrieval and analysis. The system strongly emphasizes on data reuses to support patient care. AMRS is securely accessible via the internet with proper authorization

Androbase

Androbase is a new EPR and database based on open source technology (MySQL database and PHP language), which is established in a university clinic in Germany. Androbase was developed mainly because the lack of adaptability and extensibility of the previous commercially protected system to specific needs and its poor response times during daily work made it unacceptable by users. Utilization of Androbase reduced workload and increased performance through eliminating transcription steps and decreasing time for data entry.

Hospital OS

Hospital OS is an open source EMR system developed by Open Source Technology Co., Ltd. located in Phuket, Thailand. Hospital OS is user-friendly software released under a GNU GPL in 2001. The system developed by a team of programmers, software engineers, healthcare professionals and hospital experts to improve the quality of healthcare services in Thailand`s hospitals at no cost. Hospitals can use and customize the software to suit their particular needs and also share the software to other hospitals. Hospital data reporting and filing is streamlined in Hospital OS. It can save time and cost in health-care management. Nowadays, the system is demanded by many countries around the world.

iSante

iSanté is free open source EMR system developed to improve clinical care of HIV-infected patients in Haiti. The system is available in French and English. iSanté can provide and send aggregated data for national reporting.

iTrust

iTrust is an open source EHR system, which was founded as a project in a software engineering course at North Carolina State University to teach various automatic testing techniques. The system enjoyed the consultation of a practicing physician and a professional from the North Carolina Healthcare Information and Communications Alliance (NCHICA). iTrust is a patient-centered system. Patients can login to the system and do a variety of tasks. It allows patients to access to their own medical records, select their care giver and also communicate with their doctors. Any access and change into a specific medical record can be reported to patient through e-mail alerts. Some of functionalities of iTrust include appointment scheduling, physician order entry, prescribing medication, billing, ordering laboratory tests and viewing lab results.

OpenEHR

OpenEHR is founded by the OpenEHR Foundation, which is a not-for-profit company. It is initiated as a mutual project by University College London, UK and Ocean Informatics Pty Ltd, Australia. The main focus of the openEHR Foundation is EPRs. OpenEHR is about life-long interoperable EHRs to improve the quality of health-care and research. One of the features of openEHR is developing publicly available structures and terminologies in a repository known as the Clinical Knowledge Manager (CKM). As an online clinical knowledge resource, the OpenEHR CKM allows users to participate in the creation an international set of archetypes, which could enhance interoperability of the whole system. OpenEHR enables clinicians to manage clinical content separately from the software through the archetype formalism. Now, it is used in a number of countries around the world.

OpenMRS

OpenMRS is an open source EMR system developed by a large network of open source developers coordinated by the Regenstrief Institutein 2004. The system was implemented initially in Kenya and then was rapidly adopted by health-care organizations in resource poor countries. OpenMRS has a concept dictionary in its core, which stores total diagnosis, tests, drugs and also general questions and potential answers. It has been used in several African countries including South Africa, Ethiopia, Mali, Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Rwanda, Malawi, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Haiti. Nowadays, it is wildly used throughout the world.

OpenVistA

OpenVistA is a non-proprietary, open source EHR system based on the VA VistA software. OpenVistA reduces the expenses by allowing VistA to run on the Linux operating system, which is open source and free. It also enables the client organizations to run the system also on Windows. They can choose either InterSystems Caché or Fidelity GT.Ml. OpenVistA allows multiple clinicians to simultaneously access to various patient data in real-time. The system provides progress note, various templates, ordering and reporting tools, audit capabilities, electronic signature. Document management, data integration tools and CPOE are among other features of OpenVistA.

OSCAR

OSCAR is an open source EHR system developed by Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University, Canada. OSCAR is based on Linux and MySQL database and uses the GPL. The system allows users to install a high performance computing cluster. Multiple message passing interface implementations could be install on one cluster. OSCAR`s functionalities include various services such as registration, scheduling, medical record and billing. Moreover, it includes a powerful testing architecture for ensuring the readiness of the cluster set up for production.

OSCC Portal

The OSCC Portal is an open source web-based EPR system, which is developed for OSCC, Hospital University Sains Malaysia (HUSM) in Kelantan, Malaysia. Utilization of OSCC Portal improved data confidentiality; data integration; communication, coordination between disciplines; standardization of data; quality assessment; and research in HUSM, which are all necessary for quality of care.

PING

PING is a free and open source health information system. It is designed and implemented as an interoperable, personally controlled health record, which enables patients to have control accessibility to their medical information by others. PING architecture is based on replaceable modular pieces so that collaborators can add to or substitute in PING components. PING compiles lifelong patient history and allows patients to store encrypted copies of their records in selective storage sites. PING is adopted by the Canadian National Research as a model for regional, provincial and national personally controlled health records.

PropeRWeb

PropeRWeb is a multidisciplinary EHR system, which is built based on open standards in Netherlands. As a web based application, the system uses servlets and Java Server Pages with CORBA connection to the database servers. In PropeRWeb, patients and care givers are separated into two different Person Identification Specification (PIDS) servers to enhance security and privacy. Auditing as a functionality that provides info at a specific moment is implemented in PropeRWeb by distinguishing between versions of archetypes and forms. Although some aspects such as user friendliness need more improvements; however, the system is flexible enough to be readily customized for use in a variety of clinical domains.

WorldVistA

WorldVistA is an open source EHR system that evolved from VistA project to make it widely available outside of its original setting within the United States and around the world. The system developed additional modules such as pediatrics, obstetrics and patient billing not normally used in the veteran's health-care setting. WorldVistA is able to run on proprietary intersystem cache database. Web-based and client-server configurations can be established on the system depending on the environment. Although it is a primary care system, but other templates for specialties can be created by users. WorldVistA has various functionalities including patient registration, drug allergy and interaction checking, creating health maintenance remainders, clinical order entry, templates for obstetrics/gynecology and pediatrics care, viewing lab and imaging results and generating reports of demographics, medications and problems.

DISCUSSION

EHR provides brilliant chance of readily retrieving the required information for conducting a faster and a much more accurate decision for action. Decline in medical errors is another important advantage of applying EHR that should seriously be taken into account.[1] Open source EHRs have been designed to improve health-care while reducing the cost of similar proprietary systems. Those who developed OSS actually encourage it and rely on this philosophy to see the software spread and grow beyond its original creators.[4] According to the findings, open source EHR systems have been wildly welcomed by source limited regions around the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and South America. Argentina, Australia, Chile, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Germany, Ghana, Haiti, Jordan, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sweden, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, USA and Zimbabwe are among countries, which used open source EHRs to enhance the health care quality. The results indicated that many countries especially developing countries- demand to use an interoperable and cost-efficient EHR system, which is flexible enough to modify and improve.

Commercial software companies and some people claim that open source systems cannot fulfil medicolegal and security requirements required for a health-care system and may allow hackers to know the software bugs more easily than proprietary software.[50] However, some experts believe that open source systems are more secure from external attack than closed source systems because the independent assessment of system security, which happens in OSS “makes bug patching easier and more likely and forces developers to spend more effort on the quality of their code.”[49] Active assessment of software codes by their users makes them more stable than proprietary systems. On the other hand, because of commercial pressures customers’ requirements are more important for proprietary software developers than security requirements, which are invisible to customers.[51]

Open source systems make opportunities for advanced innovation in the health information sector of low income countries.[49] However, cost- efficiency seems to be the most important reason for utilization of open source systems in many countries. Despite the enormous financial investment to Canada Health Infoway, some believes that the reduction in duplicated efforts will reduce the total expenses of a pan-Canadian EHR.[13] Some critics said that spending billions of dollars in purchasing health software would lead to enormous overpayments to technology companies and consultants. Such a huge investment on a national health information structure encourages a competition between companies for profitable deals to sell their electronic health systems promising to connect patients, doctors and hospitals. They believe that OSS would be a better solution instead of spending too much money on expensive proprietary products.[52] The open three (O3) consortium project launched in 2004 is an example of utilization of OSS, which was based on the agreements on the impact of open solutions in facilitating fast integration of health systems in Europe and the world.[22] Even, in the USA some of the current EHR systems are not fully desirable because of being expensive and inflexible and proprietary. Open source systems with the potentiality for local customization could be a possible solution to solve these problems and to improve health-care services in the United States as they have done in many other countries around the world.[28] The evidences indicated that utilization of OSS in the health sector is more welcomed in developing countries with financial limitations. Although various open source EHR programs may not fully encompass the functionality requirements for an ideal EHR system, they create opportunities to improve national health-care level in countries with minimal financial resources.[31] Developing countries use open source EHRs to lower cost and to improve the efficiency and quality of health-care services. The overall results indicated that open source EHR is a solution to overcome the problems of high costs and inflexibility associated with proprietary systems.

CONCLUSION

Several projects on utilizing open source EHR in the world, especially in developing countries confirm the effective role of open source EHR systems in improving the healthcare level in countries with minimal financial resources.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This study was part of a PhD thesis supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences.

Footnotes
  • Source of Support: Iran university of medical sciences
  • Conflict of Interest: None declared

REFERENCES

    • 1. Rezae P, Ahmadi M, Sadughi F. Comparative study on EHR content, structure, and terminology standards in selected organizations and design a model for Iran. J Health Adm. 2007;10:55–64.
    • 2. HIPPA. The Definition of Electronic Health Record. [Accessed on 2012 Sep 20]. Available from:http://www.hipaa.com/2009/05/the-definition-of-electronic-health-record .
    • 3. Reynolds CJ, Wyatt JC. Open source, open standards, and healthcare information systems. J Med Internet Res. 2011;13:e24. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 4. Open Source initiatives. [Accessed on 2012 Dec 6]. Available from: http://www.Opensource.org/docs/osd .
    • 5. Khelifi Adel AT, editor. Abu Dhabi, UAE: European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (EMCIS2010); 2010 April 12-13; A preliminary open source software infrastructure for the health sector in the UAE.
    • 6. Stallman R. Why open source misses the point of free software. [Accessed on 2012 Sep 20]. Available from:http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html .
    • 7. GNU General Public License. [Accessed on 2012 Sep 20]. Available from:http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html .
    • 8. Jha AK, Ferris TG, Donelan K, DesRoches C, Shields A, Rosenbaum S, et al. How common are electronic health records in the United States? A summary of the evidence. Health Aff (Millwood) 2006;25:w496–507.[PubMed]
    • 9. Jha AK, DesRoches CM, Campbell EG, Donelan K, Rao SR, Ferris TG, et al. Use of electronic health records in U.S. hospitals. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:1628–38. [PubMed]
    • 10. Greenbaum D, Sboner A, Mu XJ, Gerstein M. Genomics and privacy: Implications of the new reality of closed data for the field. PLoS Comput Biol. 2011;7:e1002278. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 11. Berner ES, Detmer DE, Simborg D. Will the wave finally break? A brief view of the adoption of electronic medical records in the United States. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005;12:3–7. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 12. Alvarez RC. The promise of e-health – A Canadian perspective. World Hosp Health Serv. 2004;40:31–5.[PubMed]
    • 13. Catz M, Bayne J. Canada health infoway – A pan-Canadian approach. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003:807.[PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 14. Huston JL. EHR in the UK: Shedding some light from a manager's perspective. Health Care Manag (Frederick) 2006;25:335–40. [PubMed]
    • 15. Nicholson L. Amsterdam: EHR Conference; 2008. Electronic Health Records in the United Kingdom of Great Britain Northern Ireland.
    • 16. Kimura M, Croll P, Li B, Wong CP, Gogia S, Faud A, et al. Survey on medical records and EHR in Asia-Pacific region: Languages, purposes, IDs and regulations. Methods Inf Med. 2011;50:386–91. [PubMed]
    • 17. McInnes DK, Saltman DC, Kidd MR. General practitioners’ use of computers for prescribing and electronic health records: Results from a national survey. Med J Aust. 2006;185:88–91. [PubMed]
    • 18. Health Connect. [Cited on 2012 Sep 09]. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/healthconnect .
    • 19. NEHTA- National E-Health Transition Authority. [Accessed on 2012 Sep 20]. Available from:http://www.nehta.gov.au .
    • 20. Bush J. Open-source software: Just what the doctor ordered? Fam Pract Manag. 2003;10:65. 69. [PubMed]
    • 21. De Lusignan S, Kumarapeli P, Debar S, Kushniruk AW, Pearce C. Using an open source observational tool to measure the influence of the doctor's consulting style and the computer system on the outcomes of the clinical consultation. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;150:1017–21. [PubMed]
    • 22. Dinevski D, Poli A, Krajnc I, Sustersic O, Arh T. E-health integration and interoperability based on open-source information technology. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2010;122(Suppl2):3–10. [PubMed]
    • 23. Dove ES, Ozdemir V, Joly Y. Harnessing omics sciences, population databases, and open innovation models for theranostics-guided drug discovery and development. Drug Dev Res. 2012;73:439–46.
    • 24. Gatta R, Abeni F, Buglione M, Peveri A, Barbera F, Tonoli S, et al. Open-source, low-cost, high-reliability solutions for digital imaging systems: Example of a “dicom router” Radiol Med. 2007;112:1252–9. [PubMed]
    • 25. Good T, DiTommaso M. SQL Clinic: The open-source alternative for electronic medical records. Psychiatr Serv. 2005;56:269–71. [PubMed]
    • 26. Lee YH. Efficient radiologic reading environment by using an open-source macro programas connection software. Eur J Radiol. 2012;81:100–3. [PubMed]
    • 27. Marques ET, Jr, Maciel FilhoR, August PN. Overcoming health inequity: Potential benefits of apatient-centered open-source public health infostructure. Cad Saude Publica. 2008;24:547–57. [PubMed]
    • 28. Yellowlees PM, Marks SL, Hogarth M, Turner S. Standards-based, open source electronic health record systems: A desirable future for the U.S. health industry. Telemed J E Health. 2008;14:284–8. [PubMed]
    • 29. Kantor GS, Wilson WD, Midgley A. Open-source software and the primary care EMR. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2003;10:616–7. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 30. Los RK, vanGinneken AM, svanderLei J. Open SDE: Astrategy for expressive and flexible structured data entry. Int J Med Inform. 2005;74:481–90. [PubMed]
    • 31. Flores Zuniga AE, Win KT, Susilo W. Functionalities of free and open electronic health record systems. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2010;26:382–9. [PubMed]
    • 32. Millard PS, Bru J, Berger CA. Open-source point-of-care electronic medical records foruse inresource-limited settings: Systematic review and questionnaire surveys. BMJ Open. 2012;2:e000690. [PMC free article][PubMed]
    • 33. Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) [Accessed on 2012 Dec 21]. Available from: http://www.casp-uk.net .
    • 34. Seebregts CJ, Mamlin BW, Biondich PG, Fraser HS, Wolfe BA, Jazayeri D, et al. The OpenMRS implementers network. Int J Med Inform. 2009;78:711–20. [PubMed]
    • 35. Noormohammad SF, Mamlin BW, Biondich PG, McKown B, Kimaiyo SN, Were MC. Changing course to make clinical decision support work in an HIV clinic in Kenya. Int J Med Inform. 2010;79:204–10. [PubMed]
    • 36. Tüttelmann F, Luetjens CM, Nieschlag E. Optimising workflow in andrology: A new electronic patient record and database. Asian J Androl. 2006;8:235–41. [PubMed]
    • 37. Ohemeng-Dapaah S, Pronyk P, Akosa E, Nemser B, Kanter AS. Combining vital events registration, verbal autopsy and electronic medical records in rural Ghana for improved health services delivery. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160:416–20. [PubMed]
    • 38. Massey AK, Otto PN, Hayward LJ, Antón AI. Evaluating existing security and privacy requirements for legal compliance. Requir Eng. 2010;15:119–37.
    • 39. Waters E, Rafter J, Douglas GP, Bwanali M, Jazayeri D, Fraser HS. Experience implementing a point-of-care electronic medical record system for primary care in Malawi. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160:96–100.[PubMed]
    • 40. Syed-Mohamad SM, Ali SH, Mat-Husin MN. The development and design of an electronic patient record using opens ource web-based technology. HIMJ. 2010;39:30–5. [PubMed]
    • 41. Van der Linden H, Tange H, Talmon J. PropeR and archetypes. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004;110:49–53. [PubMed]
    • 42. Van der Linden H, Talmon J, Tange H, Grimson J, Hasman A. PropeRrevisited. Int J Med Inform.2005;74:235–44. [PubMed]
    • 43. Kanter AS, Negin J, Olayo B, Bukachi F, Johnson E, Sachs SE. Millennium global village-net: Bringing together millennium villages throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Med Inform. 2009;78:802–7. [PubMed]
    • 44. Fraser HS, Thomas D, Tomaylla J, Garcia N, Lecca L, Murray M, et al. Adaptation of a web-based, open source electronic medical record system platform to support a large study of tuberculosis epidemiology. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2012;12:125. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 45. Kouematchoua Tchuitcheu G, Rienhoff O. Options for diabetes management in sub-Saharan Africa with an electronic medical record system. Methods Inf Med. 2011;50:11–22. [PubMed]
    • 46. Chen R, Klein G. The openEHR Java reference implementation project. Stud Health Technol Inform.2007;129:58–62. [PubMed]
    • 47. Yusuf EM. Implementation of OpenVistA in hospitals in Turkey. J Inf Technol Healthc. 2008;6:212–20.
    • 48. Simons WW, Mandl KD, Kohane IS. The PING personally controlled electronic medical record system: Technical architecture. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005;12:47–54. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
    • 49. Webster PC. The rise of open-source electronic health records. Lancet. 2011;377:1641–2. [PubMed]
    • 50. Gallivan MJ. Striking a balance between trust and control in a virtual organization: A content analysis of open source software case studies. Inf Syst J. 2001;11:277–304.
51. Payne C. On the security of open source software. Inf Syst J. 2002;12:61–78.
52. Webster PC. Canada's ehealth software “Tower of Babel” CMAJ. 2010;182:1945–6. [PMC free article][PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences are provided here courtesy of Medknow Publications
 
 

 

V

Picture of System Administrator

Value Digital Health Brings To The Healthcare Ecosystem

by System Administrator - Friday, 12 September 2014, 12:50 AM
 

The Value Digital Health Brings To The Healthcare Ecosystem

What is Digital Health? 

Digital health is the convergence of the digital and genetics revolutions with health and healthcare. As we are seeing and experiencing, digital health is empowering us to better track, manage, and improve our own and our family’s health. It’s also helping to reduce inefficiencies in healthcare delivery, improve access, reduce costs, increase quality, and make medicine more personalized and precise.

The essential elements of the digital health revolution include wireless devices, hardware sensors and software sensing technologies, microprocessors and integrated circuits, the Internet, social networking, mobile and body area networks, health information technology, genomics, and personal genetic information.

The lexicon of Digital Health is extensive and includes all or elements of mHealth (aka Mobile Health), Wireless Health, Health 2.0, eHealth, Health IT, Big Data, Health Data, Cloud Computing, e-Patients, Quantified Self and Self-tracking, Wearable Computing, Gamification, Telehealth & Telemedicine, Precision and Personalized Medicine, plus Connected Health.

For more information visit Story of Digital Health

Be sure to join the Digital Health group on LinkedIn

Follow Paul Sonnier at @Paul_Sonnier on Twitter

The Value Digital Health Brings To The Healthcare Ecosystem by Fred Pennic

Link: http://hitconsultant.net

Picture of System Administrator

Value-Based Care

by System Administrator - Friday, 1 August 2014, 11:23 PM
 
Picture of System Administrator

Vejez de los conocimientos en medicina

by System Administrator - Thursday, 9 October 2014, 11:17 AM
 
La pobreza del lenguaje y las historias clínicas

La vejez de los conocimientos en medicina

Las historias clínicas carecen hoy de la profundidad y de la riqueza informativa de antaño

Autor: Leonardo Strejilevich | Fuente: IntraMed | Por Dr. Leonardo Strejilevich

La medicina experimentó una importante pérdida: las grandes descripciones y sus artífices, que antaño fueran su gloria, parecieron desvanecerse.

Se asume, injustificadamente, que los conocimientos antiguos o viejos son inservibles, piezas de museo o búsquedas inútiles de historiadores y de ratas de biblioteca. Este tipo de conceptualización se da también en la medicina y en las ciencias fácticas. Hoy se han olvidado y se desconocen las descripciones inefables en sus originales de Paul Georges Dieulafoy (1839 – 1911),  Alois Alzheimer (1864 – 1915), William Heberden (1710 – 1801),James Parkinson (1755 – 1824), William  Harvey(1578 – 1657), Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852 – 1934) y muchos otros.

Por ejemplo, al estudiar las viejas historias clínicas de los pacientes internados en asilos y en hospitales públicos encontramos observaciones clínicas y fenomenológicas sumamente detalladas, presentadas a menudo en forma de relatos de riqueza y de densidad casi novelescas.

Tras la institucionalización de rígidos criterios, de manuales de diagnóstico estadístico, de algoritmos (=conjunto ordenado y finito de operaciones o de datos que permite hallar el diagnóstico, la explicación y la solución de un problema) absolutos, la minuciosa y rica descripción de los fenómenos desaparece, y es sustituida por breves notas que no ofrecen una imagen real del paciente o de su mundo, sino que reducen a éste, y a su enfermedad, a una mera lista de criterios de diagnóstico «mayores» y «menores».

Las historias clínicas  carecen hoy de la profundidad y de la riqueza informativa de antaño, y apenas sirven para realizar esa síntesis tan necesaria entre ciencia y su aplicación concreta al caso particular. Por ello las «viejas» historias clínicas seguirán siendo sumamente valiosas.

En opinión de Goethe, la realidad no está en las simplificaciones e idealizaciones de la física, sino en la compleja realidad fenomenológica de la experiencia.

¿Qué hace que una observación o una idea nueva resulte aceptable, discutible, memorable? ¿Qué es lo que impide que sea así, pese a su importancia y su valor?

En general, las nuevas ideas nos resultan profundamente amenazadoras  y por ello le cerramos el paso o bien nos enamoramos de ellas decretando la obsolescencia de las viejas ideas. Esto es cierto en muchos casos y no se reduce todo a la psicodinámica y a la motivación que pretenden explicar este fenómeno.

No basta con aprehender algo, con «captar» algo, fugazmente. La mente debe ser capaz de acomodarlo, de retenerlo. Este proceso de acomodación, de creación de un espacio mental, de una categoría con conexiones potenciales y la voluntad de hacerlo determina si una idea o un descubrimiento se arraigará y dará fruto, o si, por el contrario, será olvidado, se desvanecerá y morirá sin dejar rastro.

Debemos permitirnos a nosotros mismos salir al paso de las nuevas ideas para transformarlas en conciencia plena y estable, y en darles forma conceptual reteniéndolas en nuestra mente aun cuando no encajen con los conceptos, las creencias o las categorías existentes, o incluso las contravengan. Los ejemplos negativos o excepciones son de gran  importancia; es esencial tomar nota de las excepciones y no olvidarlas, o juzgarlas triviales y oponerse a las simplificaciones y sistematizaciones prematuras en el ámbito científico que pueden cegarnos, anquilosar la ciencia e impedir su crecimiento vital.

«Toda ciencia», escribía Kohler, «posee una especie de desván al que van a parar, casi automáticamente, todas las cosas que no pueden usarse en el momento, que no llegan a encajar. Estamos continuamente desechando, infrautilizando, un material sumamente valioso que conduce al bloqueo del progreso científico» (1913).

Es frecuente el desprecio de la ciencia dura hacia la medicina clínica, y especialmente hacia los casos concretos. Todos los casos clínicos serios, son rigurosamente científicos y encarnan una ciencia de lo individual tan dura como la física o la biología molecular.

Las descripciones de enfermedades (= patografías) eran muy detalladas en la antigüedad y ofrecían una importante cantidad de información. A mediados y a finales del siglo XIX fue un período en el que se describieron miles de trastornos y enfermedades claramente diferenciados, con minuciosidad no superada desde entonces. Fue ésta una época de amplia apertura a la experiencia, de amor por los fenómenos, de talento para describirlos, y dotada de una suerte de pasión cartográfica por su clasificación y ubicación aunque no se pensara demasiado en su naturaleza o en su significado.

La medicina experimentó una importante pérdida: las grandes descripciones y sus artífices, que antaño fueran su gloria, parecieron desvanecerse. Y con el fin de esta tradición, cierta sensación de pérdida, de amnesia, se apoderó de la medicina.

 

Dr. Leonardo Strejilevich: Médico. Master en Gerontología Social Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Dedicado a la Neurogerontología– Neurogeriatría y Gerontología  Social. Periodista científico. Ensayista. Ex – Docente Facultad de Medicina y Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ex Profesor Regular Adjunto  Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad Nacional de Salta. Ex - Director General Comisión Permanente de Carrera del Ministerio de Salud Pública del Gobierno de la Provincia de Salta. Ex – Miembro activo del Laboratorio de Investigaciones Neuroanatómicas  Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Buenos Aires.

Link: http://www.intramed.net

Picture of System Administrator

Vendor-neutral, cloud-based medical image archiving

by System Administrator - Tuesday, 25 November 2014, 10:28 PM
 

Vendor-neutral, cloud-based medical image archiving

Healthcare organizations worldwide struggle to manage the exploding growth and complexity of digital patient information―across disparate facilities, applications, and data silos. If your health organization is like most, you may not be equipped for the demand this deluge creates on your IT resources.

Traditional solutions, including picture and archiving communication systems (PACS), continue to manage patient information using proprietary formats. With clinical content locked away in these systems, patient care and safety may be compromised. A lack of data liquidity and accessibility can increase complexity, making it difficult and costly to pursue new opportunities, clinical strategies, business models, acquisitions, and other initiatives. Vendor-neutral archive (VNA) solutions―from Perceptive Software, powered by Acuo, and leveraging the Microsoft Azure cloud platform—can help your health organization reduce the cost and complexity of clinical data management. 

    • Eliminate PACS and storage vendor shackles on clinical information, delivering true data liquidity and interoperability.
    • Help reduce the time, cost, and complexity of managing and maintaining medical imaging content.
    • Scale up or down quickly in response to market opportunities and fluctuating business needs.
    • Help ensure business continuity and disaster recovery, with less technical effort and capital expense.

Please read the attached whitepaper.

Picture of System Administrator

Violencia contra el personal sanitario

by System Administrator - Saturday, 2 August 2014, 1:03 AM
 

Violencia contra el personal sanitario

Diariamente nos enteramos y padecemos ataques físicos y verbales, secuestros y muertes, en servicios de emergencia, ambulancias y centros de salud.
“La tasa de asaltos en trabajadores de la salud es mas alta que en otras ocupaciones: 8 cada 10.000 comparada con 2 cada 10.000 en los lugares de trabajo en general”. (The Lancet, 19-4-2014).

Continuar leyendo

Picture of System Administrator

VirtualRehab

by System Administrator - Monday, 11 May 2015, 11:57 PM
 

 

VirtualRehab, primer producto de rehabilitación virtual que recibe el marcado CE 

VirtualRehab es el primer producto de rehabilitación virtual que utiliza dispositivos como Microsoft® Kinect o LeapMotion que obtiene el marcado de conformidad con la directiva de la Comunidad Económica Europea (CE) como producto sanitario (PS), algo fundamental para su comercialización internacional en hospitales y centros de rehabilitación europeos.

 

VirtualRehab® es un software de rehabilitación virtual clínicamente validado y diseñado en colaboración con expertos neurólogos, médicos rehabilitadores, y fisioterapeutas, dirigido a clínicas, hospitales y centros de salud para el tratamiento rehabilitador de pacientes con algún grado de discapacidad física.  El producto se ha beneficiado de los avances en el ámbito de la realidad virtual, videojuegos y serious games en pro de la rehabilitación física.   Ante la aparición de nuevos dispositivos de bajo coste, como en este caso Kinect (un sistema de captura de movimiento) VirtualRehab permite realizar tareas y ejercicios, de una manera lúdica para los pacientes a un coste muy reducido.

Actualmente, además de numerosos centros en España, internacionalmente ya lo están utilizando en Londres, en el centro Queen Square de UCL (University College London) dentro del Hospital Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía (NHNN). “Queen Square cuenta con una extensa experiencia en el uso de soluciones innovadoras para proporcionar a sus pacientes el mejor tipo de terapia. Conscientes de los beneficios del uso de videojuegos tradicionales con algunos de nuestros pacientes, VirtualRehab despertó todo nuestro interés, especialmente por su variedad de juegos y su capacidad de monitorización de los pacientes. Por ello, no dudamos en incorporarlo a nuestros servicios y después de haberlo utilizado hemos obtenido muy buenos resultados y experiencias por parte tanto de los pacientes como de los fisioterapeutas. Creo firmemente que soluciones como VirtualRehab son una parte importante en las terapias de rehabilitación para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes” afirma el Dr. Nick Ward, Neurólogo y Neurocientífico del NHNN y the UCL Instituto de Neurología.

Obtener el certificado CE de VirtualRehab supone un hito importante y materializa nuestra apuesta para que este producto cumpla todas las regulaciones necesarias en el mercado nacional e internacional. Además es el primer producto de estas características en obtener el marcado CE en Europa.” afirma Unai Extremo, CEO de Virtualware, empresa fabricante. “Permite al fisioterapeuta planificar las diferentes sesiones para trabajar las funciones motoras afectadas en cada uno de sus pacientes, que se enfrentan a esos ejercicios terapéuticos a través de diferentes videojuegos, de una manera lúdica sin ningún tipo de cable ni sensor, sino con el movimiento de su propio cuerpo.  Adicionamente VirtualRehab permite dar continuidad al tratamiento y realizar las actividades también desde casa” explica Extremo.

Un estudio reciente presentado en el 8º Congreso Mundial de Neurorrehabilitación celebrado en Turquía, ha demostrado las ventajas de utilizar VirtualRehab®. Los resultados obtenidos muestran una notable mejoría en varias funciones, especialmente en equilibrio estático y dinámico, en el nivel de fatiga y en el grado de independencia funcional. El estudio concluye que VirtualRehab® es una herramienta eficaz para los pacientes de EM combinado con rehabilitación tradicional.

Hasta la fecha, VirtualRehab® ha superado la cifra de 8500 sesiones de juego, y está cerca de las 900 horas de juego realizadas entre los diferentes tipos de pacientes que los están utilizando, principalmente con enfermedades neurológicas y cerebrovasculares (daño cerebral adquirido, esclerosis múltiple, Parkinson, Alzheimer, distrofias y esclerosis múltiple).

Enlaces relacionados

Más información en la Página Oficial de VirtualRehab

 

 


Page: (Previous)   1  ...  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  (Next)
  ALL